(1) typifies Christ offering Himself without spot to God in delight to do His Father's will even in death.
(2) it is atoning because the believer has not had this delight in the will of God; and
(3) substitutionary (Leviticus 1:4) because Christ did it in the sinner's stead. But the thought of penalty is not prominent.; Hebrews 9:11-14; Hebrews 10:5-7; Psalms 40:6-8; Philippians 2:8. The emphatic words Leviticus 1:3-5 are "burnt-sacrifice," "voluntary," "it shall be accepted for him," and "atonement." The creatures acceptable for sacrifice are five:
(1) The bullock, or ox, typifies Christ as the patient and enduring Servant 1 Corinthians 9:9; 1 Corinthians 9:10; Hebrews 12:2; Hebrews 12:3 "obedient unto death"; Isaiah 52:13-15; Philippians 2:5-8. His offering in this character is substitutionary, for this we have not been.
(2) The sheep, or lamb, typifies Christ in unresisting self-surrender to the death of the cross Isaiah 53:7; Acts 8:32-35.
(3) The goat typifies the sinner Matthew 25:33 and, when used sacrificially, Christ, as "numbered with the transgressors"; Isaiah 53:12; Luke 23:33 and "made sin," and "a curse"; Galatians 3:13; 2 Corinthians 5:21 as the sinner's substitute.
(4,5) The turtle-dove or pigeon. Naturally a symbol of mourning innocency Isaiah 38:14; Isaiah 59:11; Matthew 23:37; Hebrews 7:26 is associated with poverty in Leviticus 5:7 and speaks of Him who for our sakes become poor Luke 9:58 and whose pathway of poverty which began with laying aside "the form of God," ended in the sacrifice through which we became rich; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Philippians 2:6-8. The sacrifice of the poor Man becomes the poor man's sacrifice. Luke 2:24. These grades of typical sacrifice test the measure of our apprehension of the varied aspects of Christ's one sacrifice on the cross. The mature believer should see Christ crucified in all these aspects.