Daniel 1
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

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  • Verse 3

    And the king spake unto Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring certain of the children of Israel, and of the king's seed, and of the princes;

    2 Kings 20:17,18; Isaiah 39:7; Jeremiah 41:1

  • Verse 4

    Children in whom was no blemish, but well favoured, and skilful in all wisdom, and cunning in knowledge, and understanding science, and such as had ability in them to stand in the king's palace, and whom they might teach the learning and the tongue of the Chaldeans.

    The word yeladim, rendered children, is frequently used for lads, or young men. (see Ge 21:8, 14-16,) [neaniskous] as the LXX. render; and Daniel must have been at this time at least seventeen or eighteen years of age.
    in whom
    Leviticus 21:18-21; 24:19,20; Judges 8:18; 2 Samuel 14:25; Acts 7:20; Ephesians 5:27
    and skilful
    Rather, as Houbigant renders, "apt to understand wisdom, to acquire knowledge, and to attain science;" for it was not a knowledge of the sciences, but merely a capacity to learn them, that was required.
    2:20,21; 5:11; Ecclesiastes 7:19; Acts 7:22
    17-20; Proverbs 22:29

  • Verse 5

    And the king appointed them a daily provision of the king's meat, and of the wine which he drank: so nourishing them three years, that at the end thereof they might stand before the king.

    a daily
    Athenæus says the kings of Persia were accustomed to order for their courtiers the food left at their tables.
    1 Kings 4:22,23; 2 Kings 25:30; Matthew 6:11; Luke 11:3
    which he drank
    Heb of his drink. stand.
    19; Genesis 41:46; 1 Samuel 16:22; 1 Kings 10:8; 2 Chronicles 9:7; Jeremiah 15:19; Luke 1:19; Luke 21:36

  • Verse 6

    Now among these were of the children of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah:

    2:17; Ezekiel 14:14,20; 28:3; Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14

  • Verse 7

    Unto whom the prince of the eunuchs gave names: for he gave unto Daniel the name of Belteshazzar; and to Hananiah, of Shadrach; and to Mishael, of Meshach; and to Azariah, of Abednego.

    the prince
    gave names
    4:8; 5:12; Genesis 41:45; 2 Kings 23:34; 24:17
    2:49; 3:12-30

  • Verse 8

    But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

    Ruth 1:17,18; 1 Kings 5:5; Psalms 119:106,115; Acts 11:23; 1 Corinthians 7:37; 2 Corinthians 9:7
    Heathen nations not only ate unclean beasts, which were forbidden by Jewish law, but even the clean animals that were eaten were first offered as victims to their gods, and part of the wine was poured out as a libation on their altars. Hence Athenæus calls the beasts served up at the tables of the Persian kings, [hieria] victims. Daniel was therefore resolved not to defile himself with their viands; yet he did not rudely refuse what was intended as a kindness, but mildly and modestly requested the proper officers to indulge him in this respect.
    Leviticus 11:45-47; Deuteronomy 32:38; Psalms 106:28; 141:4; Ezekiel 4:13,14; Hosea 9:3,4; Acts 10:14-16; Romans 14:15-17; 1 Corinthians 8:7-10; 10:18-21,28-31

  • Verse 9

    Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs.

    Genesis 32:28; 39:21; 1 Kings 8:50; Ezra 7:27,28; Nehemiah 1:11; 2:4; Psalms 4:3; 106:46; Proverbs 16:7; Acts 7:10