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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

1028 terms and definitions for "A"

  • A

    See ALEPH; ALPHABET ....

  • Aalar

    ā´a -lar . See ALLAR ....

  • Aaron

    âr´un , sometimes pronounced ar´on ( אהרון , 'ahărōn - S eptuagint Ἀαρών Aarō̇n , meaning uncertain: Gesenius suggests "mountaineer"; Fürst, "enlightened"; others give "ric...

  • Aaron's Rod

    (Numbers 17:1-13 and Hebrews 9:4 ): Immediately after the incidents connected with the rebellion of Korah, Dathan and Abiram against the leadership of Moses and the priestly primacy of Aaron (Nu 16),...

  • Aaronites

    âr´on -ı̄ts לאהרון ( le -'ahărōn , literally, "belonging to Aaron"): A word used in the King James Version, but not in the revised versions, to translate the proper name Aaron in two i...

  • Ab (1)

    (אך or , 'ābh or 'abh , the Hebrew and Aramaic word for "father"): It is a very common word in the Old Testament; this article notes only certain uses of it. It is used both in the singular and...

  • Ab (2)

    (אך , 'ābh ): The name of the fifth month in the Hebrew calendar, the month beginning in our July. The name does not appear in the Bible, but Josephus gives it to the month in which Aaron died (An...

  • Abacuc

    ab´a -kuk (Latin Abacuc ): The form given the name of the prophet Habakkuk in 2 Esdras 1:40....

  • Abaddon

    a -bad´on ( אכדון 'ăbhaddōn , "ruin," "perdition," "destruction"): Though "destruction" is commonly used in translating 'abhaddōn , the stem idea is intransitive rather than passive - the...

  • Abadias

    ab -a -dı̄´as (Greek Ἀβαδίας ): Mentioned in 1 Esdras 8:35 as the son of Jezelus, of the sons of Joab, returned with Ezra from the captivity; and in Ezra 8:9 called "Obadiah the son of ...

  • Abagarus

    a -bag´a -rus . See ABGARUS ....

  • Abagtha

    a -bag´tha ( אבגתא , 'ă̆bhaghethā ), perhaps meaning "fortunate one"): One of the seven eunuchs, or "chamberlains," of Xerxes mentioned in Esther 1:10 . The name is Persian, and is one of t...

  • Abanah

    ab´a -na , a -bā´na אבנהע , 'ăbhānāh (Keth|4bh , Septuagint, Vulgate)), or AMANA a -ma´na ( אמגה , 'ămānāh (K , Peshitta, Targum); the King James Version Abana (American ...

  • Abarim

    ab´a -rim , a -bā´rim ( עברים , ‛ăbhārı̄m ): The stem idea is that of going across a space or a dividing line, or for example a river. It is the same stem that appears in the familiar...

  • Abase

    a -bās ´: The English rendition of שׁפּל , shāphēl (Job 40:11; Ezekiel 21:26 ), and of its derivative שׁפּל , shephal (Daniel 4:37 ) = "bring down," "debase," "humble"; of ענה , ...

  • Abate

    a -bāt ´: Used six times in Old Testament for five different Hebrew words, signifying "to diminish," "reduce," "assuage"; of the Flood (Genesis 8:8 ); of strength (Deuteronomy 34:7 ); of pecuniary ...

  • Abba

    ab´a ( ἀββᾶ ,אבּא , 'abbā ), Hebraic-Chaldaic, "Father"): In Jewish and old-Christian prayers, a name by which God was addressed, then in oriental churches a title of bishops and patria...

  • Abda

    ab´da עבדּא , (‛abhdā ), perhaps, by abbreviation, "servant of Yahweh"): (1) The father of Adoniram, King Solomon's superintendent of forced labor (1 Kings 4:6 ). (2) A L evite mentioned in ...

  • Abdeel

    ab´dē̇ -el עבדּאל , (‛abhde'ēl , "servant of God"): The father of Shelemiah, one of the officers whom King Jehoiakim commanded to arrest Baruch, the scribe, and Jeremiah the prophet (Jer...

  • Abdi

    ab´dı̄ עבדּי , (‛abhdı̄ , probably by abbreviation "servant of Yahweh"): (1) A L evite, father of Kishi and grandfather of King David's singer Ethan (1 Chronicles 6:44; compare 1 Chronicle...

  • Abdias

    ab -dı̄´as (2 Esdras 1:39 = Obadiah): One of the Minor Prophets. Mentioned with Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and the Minor Prophets who shall be given as leaders to the "nation from the east" which is to ...

  • Abdiel

    ab´di -el ( עבדּיאל , ‛abhdı̄'ēl , "servant of God"): A G adite who lived in Gilead or in Bashan, and whose name was reckoned in genealogies of the time of Jotham, king of Judah, or of Je...

  • Abdon (1)

    ab´don ( עבדּון , ‛abhdōn , perhaps "service"; Ἀβδών , Abdō̇n ): (1) A judge of Israel for eight years (Judges 12:13-15 ). The account says that he was the son of Hillel the Pir...

  • Abdon (2)

    ab´don ( עבדּון , 'abhdōn , perhaps "service"): One of the four Levitical cities in the tribe of Asher (Joshua 21:30; 1 Chronicles 6:74 ). Probably the same with Ebron (in the King James Versi...

  • Abed-Nego

    a -bed´nē̇ -go (Hebrew and Aramaic עבד נגו , ‛ăbhēdh neghō ; Daniel 3:29 , עבד נגוא , ‛ăbhēdh neghō' ): According to many, the nego is an intentional corruption of Ne...

  • Abel (1)

    ā´bel ( ה בל , hebhel ; Ἄβελ , Ábel ; Westcott and Hort, The New Testament in Greek Hábel ; etymology uncertain. Some translation "a breath," "vapor," "transitoriness," which are sug...

  • Abel (2)

    ā´bel (, אבל 'ābhēl , "meadow"): A word used in several compound names of places. It appears by itself as the name of a city concerned in the rebellion of Sheba (2 Samuel 20:14; compare 1 S...

  • Abel-Beth-Maacah

    ā´bel -beth -mā´a -ka ( אבל בּית מעכה , 'ābhēl bēth ma‛ăkhāh , "the meadow of the house of Maacah"): The name appears in this form in 1 Kings 15:20 and 2 Kings 15:29 . In ...

  • Abel-Cheramim

    ā´bel -ker´a -mim ( אבל כּרמים , 'ābhēl kerāmı̄m , "meadow of vineyards"): A city mentioned in the Revised Version (British and American) in Judges 11:33 , along with Aroer, Minnit...

  • Abel-Maim

    ā´bel -mā´im ( אבל מים , 'ābhēl mayim , "meadow of water"). See ABEL-BETH-MAACAH ....

  • Abel-Meholah

    ā´bel -mē̇ -hō´lah ( אבל מחולה ,'ābhēl meḥōlāh , "meadow of dancing"): The residence of Elisha the prophet (1 Kings 19:16 ). When Gideon and his 300 broke their pitchers in ...

  • Abel-Mizraim

    ā´bel -miz´rā̇ -im ( אבל מצרים , 'ābhēl micrayim , "meadow of Egypt"): A name given to "the threshing floor of Atad," East of the Jordan and North of the Dead Sea, because Joseph an...

  • Abel-Shittim

    ā´bel -shit´tim ( אבל השּׁטּים , 'ābhēl ha -shiṭṭim , "the meadow of the Acacias"): The name appears only in Numbers 33:49; but the name Shittim is used to denote the same localit...

  • Abez

    a´bez : Used in the King James Version (Joshua 19:20 ) for EBEZ ....

  • Abgar; Abgarus; Abagarus

    ab´gar , ab -gā´rus , a -bag´a -rus ( Ἄβγαρος , Ábgaros ): Written also Agbarus and Augarus. A king of Edessa. A name common to several kings (toparchs) of Edessa, Mesopotamia. One o...

  • Abhor

    ab -hor ´: "To cast away," "reject," "despise," "defy," "contemn," "loathe," etc. (1) Translated in the Old Testament from the following Hebrew words amongst others: בּאשׁ ( bā'ash ), "to be or...

  • Abi (1)

    ā´bı̄ ( אבי , 'ăbhı̄ ): The name of the mother of King Hezekiah, as given in 2 Kings 18:2 . Most naturally explained as a contraction of Abijah ("Yahweh is a father," or "is my father"), f...

  • Abi (2)

    ā´bı̄ , in the composition of names (אבי , 'ăbhı̄ , "father"): The Hebrew words 'ābh , "father," and 'āḥ , "brother," are used in the forming of names, both at the beginning and at t...

  • Abi-Albon

    ab -i -al´bon , ā´bi -al´bon ( אבו עלבון 'ăbhı̄ ‛alebhōn , meaning not known. Gesenius infers from the Arabic a stem which would give the meaning "father of strength," and this i...

  • Abia; Abiah

    a -bı̄´a , a -bı̄´ah : Variants for ABIJAH; which see....

  • Abiasaph

    a -bı̄´a -saf , ab -i -ā´saf ( אביאסף , 'ăbhı̄'āṣāph , "my father has gathered"): A descendant of Kohath the son of Levi (Exodus 6:24; 1 Chronicles 6:23 , 1 Chronicles 6:37 (8, 2...

  • Abiathar

    a -bı̄´a -thar , ab -i -ā´thar ( אביתר , 'ebhyāthār , "father of super-excellence," or, "the super-excellent one is father." With changed phraseology these are the explanations commonly...

  • Abib

    ā´bib (, אביב 'ābhı̄bh , young ear of barley or other grain, Exodus 9:31; Leviticus 2:14 ): The first month of the Israelite year, called Nisan in Nehemiah 2:1; Esther 3:7 , is Abib in Exo...

  • Abida

    a -bı̄´da ( אבידע , 'ăbhı̄dhā‛ , "father of knowledge," or "my father knows"): A son of Midian and grandson of Abraham and Keturah (Genesis 25:4; 1 Chronicles 1:33 ). Abidah in the Kin...

  • Abidah

    a -bı̄´dah : Used in the King James Version in Genesis 25:4 for ABIDA ....

  • Abidan

    a -bı̄´dan ( אבידן , 'ăbhı̄dhān , "father is judge"): Abidan, son of Gideoni, was a "prince" of the children of Benjamin (Numbers 2:22; Numbers 10:24 ). He was chosen to represent his tr...

  • Abide

    a -bı̄d ´: Old English word signifying progressively to "await," "remain," "lodge," "sojourn," "dwell," "continue," "endure"; represented richly in Old Testament (King James Version) by 12 Hebrew a...

  • Abiel

    ā´bi -el , ab´yel , a -bı̄´el ( אביאל , 'ăbhı̄'ēl , "my father is God," or "God is father"): (1) A descendant of Benjamin the son of Jacob. Father of Kish the father of King Saul, a...

  • Abiezer

    ab -i -ē´zer , ā -bi -ē´zer ( אביעזר , 'ăbhı̄‛ezer , "father of help," or "my father is help." Iezer, Iezerite (in the King James Version Jeezer , Jeezerite ), is Abiezer with the ...

  • Abiezrite

    ab -i -ez´rı̄t , ā -bi -ez´rı̄t : The Gentile adjective of ABIEZER ....

  • Abigail; Abigal

    ab´i -gāl , ab´i -gal ( אביגיל , 'ăbhı̄ghayil , or אביגל , 'ăbhı̄ghal , three times, or אביּגיל , 'ăbhūghayil , once, or אבגיל , 'ăbhighayil , once; "father," o...

  • Abihail

    ab´i -hāl ( אביחיל , 'ăbhı̄ḥayil ; in some manuscripts 'abhihayil , when feminine, but best reading is the former: "father, or cause, of strength"): Five persons in the Old Testament ar...

  • Abihu

    a -bı̄´hū ( אביהוּא , 'ăbhı̄hū ), "father he is," or "my father he is"): Second son of Aaron, the high priest (Exodus 6:23 ). With his older brother Nadab he "died before Yahweh," whe...

  • Abihud

    a -bı̄´hud ( אביהוּד , 'ăbhı̄hūdh , "father of majesty," or "my father is majesty," though some regard the second part as the proper name Judah): The son of Bela the oldest son of Benja...

  • Abijah

    a -bı̄´ja ( אביּהוּ ר אביּה , 'ăbhı̄yāh or 'ăbhı̄yāhū (2 Chronicles 13:20 , 2 Chronicles 13:21 ), "my father is Yahweh," or "Yahweh is father"): The name of six or more me...

  • Abijam

    a -bı̄´jam ( אביּם , 'ăbhı̄yām , "father of sea," or, "father of west"). The name given in Kings (1 Kings 14:31; 1 Kings 15:1 , 1 Kings 15:7 , 1 Kings 15:8 ) to the son of Rehoboam who su...

  • Abila

    ab´i -la . See ABILENE ....

  • Abilene

    a -bi -lē´nē ( Ἀβειληνή , Abeilēnḗ , Codex Alexandrinus and Codex Vaticanus; Ἀβιληνή , Abilēnḗ , Codex Sinaiticus): Mentioned in Luke 3:1 as the tetrarchy of Ly...

  • Ability

    a -bil´i -ti ( δύναμις , dúnamis , or ισχύς , ischús ): Variously used of resources, material, mental and spiritual; e.g. of wealth, "gave after their ability" (Ezra 2:69 ); of me...

  • Abimael

    a -bim´a -el , ab -i -mā´el ( אבימאל , 'ăbhı̄mā'ēl , "my father is God," or "God is father"): The ninth of the thirteen sons of Joktan, who was descendant of Shem, and son of Eber, a...

  • Abimelech

    a -bim´e -lek ( אבימלך , 'ăbhı̄melekh , "father of a king"): A name borne by five Old Testament persons. (1) The name of two kings of Philistia; the first was a contemporary of Abraham, th...

  • Abinadab

    a -bin´a -dab ( אבינדב , 'ăbhı̄nādhābh , "father of willingness," or, "my father is willing." This is according to the ordinary usage of the second word in the name - "willing" rather t...

  • Abinoam

    a -bin´ō̇ -am , ab -i -nō´am ( אבי נעם , 'ăbhı̄nō'am , "father of pleasantness," or, "my father is pleasantness"): A man of Kedesh-naphtali, the father of Barak who defeated the arm...

  • Abiram

    a -bı̄´ram ( אבירם , 'ăbhı̄rām , "exalted father," or, "my father is an exalted one"): (1) The son of Eliab the son of Pallu the son of Reuben (Numbers 26:5; Deuteronomy 11:6 ). In comp...

  • Abiron

    a -bı̄´ron ( Ἀβειρών , Abeirō̇n ): (1) The Septuagint form (Ecclesiasticus 45:18 the King James Version) of Abiram, one of the sons of Eliab, who, with his brother Dathan, and wit...

  • Abisei

    ab -i -sē´ı̄ . See ABISSEI ....

  • Abishag

    ab´i -shag , a -bı̄´shag ( אבישׁג , 'ăbhı̄shagh , apparently, "father of wandering," that is, "cause of wandering," or "my father wanders"): The Shunammite woman who became nurse to King...

  • Abishai

    ab´i -shı̄ , a -bı̄´shı̄ ( אבישׁי , 'ăbhı̄shaı̄ , in Ch אבשׁי , 'abhshaı̄ ; meaning is doubtful, probably "my father is Jesse," BDB ): Son of Zeruiah, David's sister, and on...

  • Abishalom

    a -bish´a -lom : Variant of ABSALOM ....

  • Abishua

    a -bish´ū̇ -a , abi -shoo´a ( אבישׁוּע , 'ăbhı̄shūa‛ , uncertain, perhaps "father of wealth," or "my father is wealth"): (1) A son of Bela the son of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:4 )....

  • Abishur

    a -bı̄´shur ( אבישׁוּר , 'ăbhı̄shūr , "my father is a wall"): Great-grandson of Jerahmeel and Atarah, Jerahmeel being great-grandson of Judah. Abishur was son of Shammai, and was the h...

  • Abissei

    a -bis´ē -ı̄ (King James Version Abisei ): An ancestor of Ezra (2 Esdras 1:2) = Abisue (1 Esdras 8:2) and Abishua (1 Chronicles 6:4; Ezra 7:5 )....

  • Abisue

    a -bis´ū -ē (Codex Vaticanus, Ἀβισαί , Abisaı́ ; Codex Alexandrinus, Abı̄souaı́ ; the King James Version Abisum = Abishua ( 1 Chronicles 6:4; Ezra 7:5 ) and Abissei (2 Esdras 1:2...

  • Abisum

    ab´i -sum . See ABISUE (Apocrypha)....

  • Abital

    ab´i -tal , a -bı̄´tal ( אביטל , 'ăbhı̄ṭāl , "my father is dew"): One of the wives of King David. In the duplicated list (2 Samuel 3:4; 1 Chronicles 3:3 ) in which the sons born to Da...

  • Abitub

    ab´i -tub , a -bı̄´tub ( ביטוּב ), 'ăbhı̄ṭūbh , "father of goodness," or, "my father is goodness"): In the King James Version Ahitub . A descendant of Benjamin and son of Shaharaim an...

  • Abiud

    a -bı̄´ud ( Ἀβιούδ , Abı̄oud , perhaps "my father is majesty"; see ABIHUD ): mentioned in The Genealogy Of Jesus (Matthew 1:13 and not elsewhere) as the son of Zerubbabel. See GENEALOG...

  • Abject

    ab´jekt : Only as a noun, and but once (Psalms 35:15 ) for נכה , nēkheh , literally, "smitten ones," i.e. "men of the lowest grade" (Hengstenberg, Delitzsch), "the rabble," defined by the succee...

  • Able

    ā´b 'l : The Greek δύναμαι , dúnamai , "to have power," may refer either to inherent strength, or to the absence of external obstacles, or to what may be allowable or permitted. The Gree...

  • Ablution

    ab -lū´shun : The rite of ablution for religious purification seems to have been practiced in some form in all lands and at all times. The priests of Egypt punctiliously practiced it (Herodotus ii....

  • Abner

    ab´nẽr ( אבנר , 'abhnēr ; in 1 Samuel 14:50 the Hebrew has the fuller form, אבינר , 'ăbhı̄nēr , Abiner; compare Abiram by the side of Abram; meaning, "my father is a lamp"): Capt...

  • Abode

    a -bōd ´. See ABIDE ....

  • Abolish

    a -bol´ish ( חתת , ḥāthath , "to be broken down," "made void," "My righteousness shall not be abolished" (Isaiah 51:6 ), i.e. as shown in God's faithfulness to His promises; מחה , māḥa...

  • Abomination

    a -bom -i -nā´shun ( פּגּוּל , tō‛ēbhāh , שׁקץ , sheḳec (שׁקּוּץ , shiḳḳūc )): three distinct Hebrew words are rendered in the English Bible by "abomination," or "abom...

  • Abomination of Desolation

    des -o -lā´shun : The Hebrew root for abomination is שׁקץ , shāḳac , "to be filthy," "to loathe," "to abhor," from which is derived שׁקּץ or שׁקּוּץ , shiḳḳuc or shiḳḳū...

  • Abomination, Birds of

    Leviticus 11:13-19 : "And these ye shall have in abomination among the birds; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the gier-eagle, and the osprey, and the kite, and the fal...

  • Abound; Abundance; Abundant; Abundantly

    a -bound ´, a -bun´dans , a -bun´dant , a -bun´dant -li : These words represent in the English Versions of the Bible a considerable variety of different words in the Hebrew and Greek original. In ...

  • About

    a -bout ´: The use of this word as a preposition, in the sense of "around," is confined to the Old Testament. In the New Testament, generally an adverb, for Greek ώς , hōs or "hōseı́ ̌ ."...

  • Abraham

    a´bra -ham : I. Name 1. Various Forms 2. Etymology 3. Association II. Kindred III. Career 1. Period of Wandering 2. Period of Residence at Hebron 3. Period of Residence in the Negeb IV. Con...

  • Abraham's Bosom

    booz´um ( κόλπος Ἀβραάμ , kólpos Abraám ; κόλποι Ἀβραάμ , kólpoi Abraám ): Figurative. The expression occurs in Luke 16:22 , Luke 16:23 , in the parable of...

  • Abraham, Book of

    See APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE ....

  • Abram

    ā´bram . See ABRAHAM ....

  • Abrech

    ā´brek : Transliteration of the Hebrew אברך , 'abhrēkh , in Genesis 41:43 the Revised Version, margin, of which both the origin and meaning are uncertain. It was the salutation which the Egyp...

  • Abroad

    a -brôd : An idiomatic rendering of ἀφίκετο , aphı́keto (literally, "arrived"), "come abroad" is used in Romans 16:19 to indicate a report that has been most widely diffused (literally...

  • Abroad, Scattered

    See DISPERSION ....

  • Abronah

    a -brō´na , the King James Version Ebronah ( עברנה , ‛abhrōnāh ): One of the stations of Israel in the wilderness on the march from Sinai to Kadesh - the station next before that at Ezio...

  • Absalom (1)

    ab´sa -lom ( אבשׁלום , 'abhshālōm , "father is peace," written also Abishalom , 1 Kings 15:2 , 1 Kings 15:10 ): David's third son by Maacah, daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur, a small ter...

  • Absalom (2)

    (Apocrypha) (Codex Vaticanus, Ἀβεσσάλωμος , Abessálōmos and Abessalō̇m ; Codex Alexandrinus, Absálōmos ; the King James Version Absalon ): (1) Father of Mattathias, a ca...

  • Absalon

    ab´sa -lon . See ABSALOM (in the Apocrypha)....

  • Absolution

    ab -so -lū´shun (translation of verbs λύω , lúō , "loose," etc., and ἀφίημι , aphı́ēmi , "release," "give up," etc.): Not a Biblical, but an ecclesiastical term, used to des...

  • Abstinence

    abs´ti -nens : Abstinence as a form of asceticism reaches back into remote antiquity, and is found among most ancient peoples. It may be defined as a self-discipline which consists in the habitual re...

  • Abubus

    a -bū´bus ( Ἄβουβος , Áboubos ): The father of Ptolemy, who deceitfully slew Simon Maccabee and his sons at Dok near Jericho (1 Macc 16:11, 15)....

  • Abundance; Abundant

    a -bun´dans , a -bun´dant . See ABOUND ....

  • Abuse

    a -būz ´: "To dishonor," "to make mock of," "to insult," etc. (1) Translated in the Old Testament from עלל , ‛ālal , "to do harm," "to defile" (Judges 19:25 ), "to make mock of" (1 Samuel 31...

  • Abyss, the

    a -bis ´, (ἡ ἄβυσσος , hē ábussos ): In classical Greek the word is always an adjective, and is used (1) literally, "very deep," "bottomless"; (2) figuratively, "unfathomable," "bou...

  • Abyssinia

    ab -i -sin´i -a . See ETHIOPIA ....

  • Acacia

    a -kā´sha ( שׁטּה , sḥiṭṭāh , the shittah tree of the King James Version, Isaiah 41:19 , and עצי־שׁטּה , ‛ăcē -shiṭṭāh , acacia wood; shittah wood the King James Ver...

  • Acatan

    ak´a -tan . See AKATAN (Apocrypha)....

  • Accaba

    ak´a -ba , ak -ā´ba (B, Ἀκκαβά , Akkabá ; A, Γαβά , Gabá ; the King James Version Agaba ) = Hagab (Ezra 2:46 ); see also HAGABA (Nehemiah 7:48 ): The descendants of Accaba (t...

  • Accad; Accadians

    ak´ad , ak -ā´di -ans . See BABYLONIA ....

  • Accaron

    ak´a -ron ( Ἀκκαρών , Akkarō̇n ): Mentioned in 1 Macc 10:89 the King James Version; a town of the Philistines, known as Ekron (עקרון , ‛eḳrōn ) in Old Testament, which King A...

  • Accept; Acceptable; Acceptation

    ak -sept ´, ak -sep´ta -b 'l , ak -sep -tā´shun : "To receive with favor," "to take pleasure in"; "well-pleasing"; "the act of receiving." Accept, used (1) of sacrifice, "accept thy burnt-sacrif...

  • Acceptance

    ak -sep´tans : A rendering of the Hebrew רצון , recōn , "delight," found only in Isaiah 60:7 . It pictures God's delight in His redeemed people in the Messianic era, when their gifts, in joyful...

  • Access

    ak´ses ( προσαγωγή , prosagōgḗ , "a leading to or toward," "approach"): Thrice used in the New Testament to indicate the acceptable way of approach to God and of admission to His fav...

  • Acco

    ak´o ( עכּו , ‛akkō ; Ἀκχὼ , ‛Akchȱ ; Ἄκη Πτολεμαΐς , Ákē Ptolemaı́s ; Modern Arabic ‛Akka , English Acre; the King James Version Accho ): A town on the...

  • Accommodation

    a -kom -mo -da´shun : I. Introductory 1. Three Uses of the Term 2. The Importance of the Subject II. Accommodated Application of Scripture Passages 1. Interpretation a Science 2. Scientific Acc...

  • Accomplish

    a -kom´plish : Richly represented in the Old Testament by seven Hebrew synonyms and in the New Testament by five Greek (the King James Version); signifying in Hebrew (1) "to complete" (Lamentations 4...

  • Accord; According; Accordingly

    a -kōrd ´, a -kōrd´ing -li : In Old Testament, פּה , peh , "mouth," "to fight with one accord" (Joshua 9:2 ) לפי , lephı̄ , "according to the mouth of," "according to their families" (Gen...

  • Accos

    ak´os ( Ἁκχώς , Hakchṓs ): The grandfather of Eupolemus, whom Judas Maccabeus sent with others to Rome in 161 bc, to negotiate a "league of amity and confederacy" (1 Macc 8:17). The name...

  • Account

    a -kount ´. See ACCOUNTABILITY ....

  • Accountability

    a -koun -ta -bil´i -ti . 1. Scriptural Principles The general teaching of Scripture on this subject is summarized in Romans 14:12 : "So then each one of us shall give account of himself to God." Bu...

  • Accoz

    ak´oz ( Ἀκβώς , Akbō̇s ; the Revised Version (British and American) AKKOS , which see): 1 Esdras 5:38, head of one of the priestly families, which returned from the Exile, but was unable ...

  • Accursed

    a -kûrs´ed , a -kûrst ´: In the Book of Josh (Ezra 6:17 , Ezra 6:18; Ezra 7:1 , Ezra 7:11 , Ezra 7:12 , Ezra 7:13 , Ezra 7:15 ) and 1 Ch (Ezra 2:7 ) "accursed" (or "accursed thing" or "thing acc...

  • Accuser

    a -kūz´ẽr : This word, not found in the Old Testament, is the rendering of two Greek words: (1) Κατήγορος , katḗgoros , that is, a prosecutor, or plaintiff in a lawsuit, or one who...

  • Aceldama

    a -sel´da -ma . See AKELDAMA ....

  • Achaia

    a -kā´ya ( Ἀχαιά , Achaiá ): The smallest country in the Peloponnesus lying along the southern shore of the Corinthian Gulf, north of Arcadia and east of Elis. The original inhabitants w...

  • Achaicus

    a -kā´i -kus ( Ἀχαικός , Achaikós , "belonging to Achaia"): A name honorably conferred upon L. Mummius, conqueror of Corinth and Achaia (compare CORINTH ). Achaicus was one of the lead...

  • Achan

    ā´kan ( עכן , ‛ākhān (in 1 Chronicles 2:7 Achar, עכר , ‛ākhār , "troubler"): The descendant of Zerah the son of Judah who was put to death, in Joshua's time, for stealing some o...

  • Achar

    ā´kar : Variant of ACHAN ....

  • Achaz

    ā´kaz ( Ἄκαζ , Áchaz ), the King James Version (Matthew 1:9 ): Greek form of Ahaz (thus the Revised Version (British and American)). The name of a King of Israel....

  • Achbor

    ak´bor ( עכבּור , ‛akhbōr , "mouse"): (1) The father of Baal-hanan, who was the seventh of the eight kings who reigned in Edom before there were kings in Israel (Genesis 36:38 , Genesis 36:...

  • Achiacharus

    a -ki -ak´a -rus (Codex Vaticanus Ἀχιάχαρος , Achiácharos ; Ἀχείχαρος , Acheı́charos ): Governor of Assyria. Achiacharus is the son of Anael, a brother of Tobit (Tobit ...

  • Achias

    a -kı̄´as : An ancestor of Ezra (2 Esdras 1:2). Omitted in other genealogies....

  • Achim

    ā´kim ( Ἀχείμ , Acheı́m ): A descendant of Zerubbabel and ancestor of Jesus, mentioned only in Matthew 1:14 ....

  • Achior

    ā´ki -or ( Ἀχιώρ , Achió̄r ): General of the Ammonites, who spoke in behalf of Israel before Holofernes, the Assyrian general (Judith 5:5ff). Holofernes ordered him bound and delivered ...

  • Achipha

    ak´i -fa; the King James Version Acipha , as´i -fa ( Ἀχιφά , Achiphá ), in the Apocrypha (1 Esdras 5:31) head of one of the families of the temple-servants, who returned with Zerubbabel, ...

  • Achish

    ā´kish ( אכישׁ , 'ākhı̄sh ): King of the city of Gath in the days of David. His father's name is given as Maoch (1 Samuel 27:2 ), and Maacah (1 Kings 2:39 ). David sought the protection of...

  • Achitob

    ak´i -tob : Same as Ahitob. Used in 1 Esdras 8:2; compare 2 Esdras 1:1 the King James Version. See AHITUB 3....

  • Achmetha

    ak´me -tha ( Ezra 6:2; אחמתא , 'aḥmethā ); Septuagint Ἀμαθά , Amathá ; Peshitta aḥmāthān ; in Tiglath Pileser's inscription circa 1100 bc Amadāna : in Darius' Behistun Ins...

  • Acho

    ak´ō . See ACCO ....

  • Achor

    ā̄´kor ( עכור , ‛ākhō̄r , "trouble," the idea of the word being that of trouble which is serious and extreme. See ACHAN ): The place where Achan was executed in the time of Joshua (Josh...

  • Achsa

    ak´sa : Used in the King James Version in 1 Chronicles 2:49 for ACHSAH ....

  • Achsah

    ak´sa ( עכסה , ‛akhṣāh ; in some copies עכסא , ‛akhṣā' in 1 Chronicles 2:49 ), "anklet"): The daughter of Caleb whom he gave in marriage to his younger kinsman Othniel the son of...

  • Achshaph

    ak´shaf ( אכשׁף , 'akhshāph , "sorcery," or "fascination"): A city in the northern part of the territory conquered by Joshua. The king of Achshaph was a member of the coalition against Israel ...

  • Achzib

    ak´zib ( אכזיב , 'akhzı̄bh , "lying" or "disappointing"): The name of two towns in Palestine: (1) A town in western Judah in the lowlands, mentioned in connection with Mareshah and Keilah as ...

  • Acipha

    as´i -fa . See ACHIPHA ....

  • Acitho; Acithoh

    as´i -thō (variant of AHITUB ): The name in the King James Version of an ancestor of Judith (Judith 8:1)....

  • Acknowledge

    ak -nol´ej ( γιγνώσκω , gignō̇skō ): To declare that one recognizes the claims of a person or thing fully established. Both in Old Testament and New Testament expressed by various form...

  • Acquaint; Acquaintance

    a -kwānt ´, a -kwān´tans ( γνωστοί , gnostoı́ ): Terms referring to various degrees of knowledge, but implying more or less detailed information; applied to God's omniscience (Psalms ...

  • Acra

    ak´ra , ā´kra (1 Macc 1:33 the Revised Version (British and American), "citadel"). See JERUSALEM ....

  • Acrabattene

    ak -ra -ba -tē´nē . See AKRABATTINE (in the Apocrypha)....

  • Acrabbim

    ak -rab´im : Incorrect transliteration of ע ֿ2 עקרבּים ass=phonetics>‛aḳrabbı̄m , of Joshua 15:3 in the King James Version. See AKRABBIM ....

  • Acre (1)

    ā´kẽr , a´kẽr . See ACCO ....

  • Acre (2)

    ā´kẽr ( צמד , cemedh ): A term of land-measurement used twice in the English versions of the Bible (Isaiah 5:10; 1 Samuel 14:14 ), and said to be the only term in square measure found in the O...

  • Acrostic

    a -kros´tik : The acrostic, understood as a short poem in which the first letters of the lines form a word, or name, or sentence, has not yet been proved to occur in ancient Hebrew literature. The su...

  • Acts of Pilate

    pı̄´lat , pı̄´lā̇t . See APOCRYPHAL GOSPELS ....

  • Acts of Solomon

    "The book of the acts of Solomon" (1 Kings 11:41 ), probably a history based on the state documents kept by the official recorder. See 1 Kings 14:19 , 1 Kings 14:29; 1 Kings 15:23 , 1 Kings 15:31; 1 K...

  • Acts of the Apostles

    a -pos´ls : I. Title II. Text III. Unity of the Book IV. The Author V. Canonicity VI. Date VII. Sources Used by Luke VIII. The Speeches in the Acts IX. Relation of Acts to the Epistles X. C...

  • Acts; Apocryphal

    a -pok´ri -fal . See APOCRYPHAL ACTS ....

  • Acua

    ak´u -a . See ACUD ....

  • Acub

    ā´kub (Codex Vaticanus, Ἀκούφ , Akoúph ; Codex Alexandrinus, Ἀκούμ , Akoúm ) = Bakbuk (Ezra 2:51; Nehemiah 7:53 ): The descendants of Acub (temple-servants) returned with Zer...

  • Acud

    ā´kud ( Ἀκούδ , Akoúd ; the King James Version Acua ) = AKKUB (Ezra 2:45 ) which see; omitted in Neh 7: The descendants of Acud (temple-servants) returned with Zerubbabel to Jerusalem (...

  • Adadah

    a -da´da ( עדעדה , ‛adh‛ādhāh ): A city in the southern part of Judah (Joshua 15:22 ). The older copies of the Greek text have Arouḗl , but that is not a sufficient reason for identi...

  • Adadrimmon

    ā -dad -rim´on : Shorter and less accurate name of a place in the Valley of Megiddo, which tradition connected with the death of King Josiah (Zechariah 12:11; 2 Chronicles 35:22 ). See HADADRIMMON ...

  • Adah

    ā´da ( עדה , ‛ādhāh , "adornment"): (1) One of the two wives of Lamech the descendant of Cain (Genesis 4:19 , Genesis 4:20 , Genesis 4:23 ). The narrative in Gen assigns to her two sons, ...

  • Adaiah

    a -dā´ya , a -dı̄´a ( עדיה , ‛ădhāyāh , "Yahweh hath adorned"): (1) Apparently the seventh of the nine sons of Shimei, who is apparently the same with Shema, who is the fifth of the...

  • Adalia

    a -da -lı̄´a ( אדליא , 'ădhalyā ), probably a Persian name, meaning unknown): One of the ten sons of Haman who were put to death by the Jews (Esther 9:8 )....

  • Adam in the New Testament

    (Ἀδάμ , Adám ): The name of Adam occurs nine times (in five different passages) in the New Testament, though several of these are purely incidental. I. Gospels In Luke 3:38 the ancestry of...

  • Adam in the Old Testament

    (Evolutionary Interpretation): (NOTE: It ought to be superfluous to say that the unfolding or development of the human personality here identified with evolution is something far higher, deeper, and o...

  • Adam, Books of

    Books pretending to give the life and deeds of Adam and other Old Testament worthies existed in abundance among the Jews and the early Christians. The Talmud speaks of a Book of Adam, which is now los...

  • Adam, City of

    (אדם , 'ādhām , "red" or BDB "made"): A city in the middle of the Jordan valley near ZARETHAN (Joshua 3:16 ). The name probably survives at the Damieh Ford, near the mouth of the Jabbok twent...

  • Adam, in the Old Testament and the Apocrypha

    ad´am , (אדם , 'ādhām ; Septuagint Ἀδάμ , Adám ). 1. Usage and Etymology The Hebrew word occurs some 560 times in the Old Testament with the meaning "man," "mankind." Outside Gen 1...

  • Adamah

    ad´a -ma ( אדמה , 'ădhāmāh ; Ἀδαμί , Adamı́ ): A fortified city in the territory of Naphtali, named between Chinnereth and Ramah (Joshua 19:36 ). It is probably identical with th...

  • Adamant

    ad´a -mant ( שׁמיר , shāmı̄r (Ezekiel 3:9; Zechariah 7:12 )): In the passages cited and in Jeremiah 17:1 , where it is rendered "diamond" the word shamir evidently refers to a hard stone. T...

  • Adami

    ad´a -mı̄; a -dā´mı̄ : Mentioned in the King James Version as a separate name, where the Revised Version (British and American) has ADAMI-NEKEB , which see (Joshua 19:33 )....

  • Adami-Nekeb

    ad´a -mı̄ nē´keb אדמי הנּקב , 'ădhāmı̄ ha -neḳebh , "the ground of the piercing," that is of the pass, or defile): A place mentioned in indicating the border of Naphtali (Joshua...

  • Adan

    ā´dan . See ADDAN ....

  • Adar (1)

    ā -´dar ( אדר , 'ădhār , meaning uncertain): The Babylonian name of the twelfth month of the year. Used in the Bible only in Ezra 6:15 and eight times in Esther. At first the author in Esthe...

  • Adar (2)

    ā´dar : In the King James Version (Joshua 15:3 ) for ADDAR ....

  • Adarsa

    a -dar´sa . See ADASA ....

  • Adasa

    ad´a -sa ( Ἀδασά , Adasá ; the King James Version Adarsa ): A town less than four miles from Beth-horon (30 furlongs Ant , XII , x, 5; 1 Macc 7:40) and a day's journey from Gazara (1 Macc ...

  • Adbeel

    ad´bē̇ -el ( אדבּאל , 'adhbe'ēl , "God's discipline," possibly): The third of the twelve sons of Ishmael (Genesis 25:13; 1 Chronicles 1:29 ). The name appears in the Assyrian records as tha...

  • Add

    (1) ἐπιδιατάσσομαι , epidiatássomaı̄ , "to add to," "to arrange in addition": Found only in Galatians 3:15 , which may thus be paraphrased: "To take a familiar illustration: even...

  • Addan

    ad´an ( אדּן , 'addān ; in Neh אדּון , 'addōn ; connected in some way with the name of the god Addu): A name mentioned in the list of the returning exiles (Ezra 2:59 , duplicated in Nehemi...

  • Addar

    ad´ar ( אדּר , 'addār , "glorious"): See ARD (1) A grandson of Benjamin, sometimes counted as one of his sons (1 Chronicles 8:3 ). (2) A town on the southern border of Judah (Joshua 15:3 , the...

  • Adder

    ad´er ( עכשׁוּב , ‛akhshūbh (Psalms 140:3 ); פּתן , pethen (Psalms 58:4 ); צפעוני , ciph‛ōnı̄ (Proverbs 23:32 ); שׁפיפן , shephı̄phōn (Genesis 49:17 ); צפע ,...

  • Addi

    ad´ı̄ ( Ἀδδί , Addı́ ; Ἀδδεί , Addeı́ ): An ancestor of Joseph, the husband of Mary, mother of Jesus; fourth from Zerubbabel in the ascending genealogical series (Luke 3:28 )....

  • Addict

    a -dikt ´: Found only in the King James Version of 1 Corinthians 16:15 , for Greek τάσσω , tássō ̌ . The house of Stephanus is said to be "addicted to the ministry of the saints," i.e. th...

  • Addo

    ad´ō (Codex Alexandrinus, Ἀδδώ , Addō̇ ; Codex Vaticanus, Ἐδδείν , Eddeı́n ) = Iddo (Ezra 5:1; Ezra 6:14 ): The father (Zechariah 1:1 , Zechariah 1:7 grandfather) of Zechari...

  • Addon

    ad´on . See ADDAN ....

  • Addus

    ad´us ( Ἀδδούς , Addoús ): The descendants of Addus (sons of Solomon's servants) returned with Zerubbabel to Jerusalem (1 Esdras 5:34). Omitted in Ezr 2 and Neh 7....

  • Ader

    ā´dẽr : Used in 1 Chronicles 8:15 the King James Version for EDER ....

  • Adiabene

    ā -di -a -bē´nē̇ ( Ἀδιαβηνή , Adiabēnḗ ): A state lying on the east of the Tigris, on the greater and lesser rivers Zab, in the territory of ancient Assyria. For the half-cen...

  • Adida

    ad´i -da ( Ἀδιδά , Adidá ). A town of the Benjamin tribe near Lod and Ono located upon a hill facing the "plain country" of Judea, rebuilt and fortified by Simon Maccabee (1 Macc 12:38), w...

  • Adiel

    ad´i -el ( עדיאל , ‛ădhı̄'ēl , "ornament of God"): (1) One of the "princes" of the tribe of Simeon, who, in the days of Hezekiah, smote the aborigines of Gedor and captured the valley (...

  • Adin

    ā´din ( עדין , ‛ādhı̄n , "adorned"): The name of a family, "the sons of Adin" (Ezra 2:15; Ezra 8:6; Nehemiah 7:20; Nehemiah 10:16; 1 Esdras 5:14; 8:32), mentioned among the returning exil...

  • Adina

    ad´i -na , a -dı̄´na ( עדינא , ‛ădhı̄nā ), "adorned"). "Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, a chief of the Reubenites, and thirty with him" (1 Chronicles 11:42 ). This is in that pa...

  • Adino

    ad´i -no , a -dı̄´no ( עדינן , ‛ădhı̄nō , "his adorned one"): The senior of David's "mighty men." "Josheb-basshebeth a Tahchemonite, chief of the captains; the same was Adino the Ezni...

  • Adinu; Adin

    ad´i -nū , ad´in ( Ἀδινού , Adinoú , 1 Esdras 5:14; Ἀδίν , Adı́n , 1 Esdras 8:32): Compare Adin (Ezra 2:15; Ezra 8:6; Nehemiah 7:20; Nehemiah 10:16 ). The descendants of Adin...

  • Adinus

    ad´i -nus . See IADINUS (Apocrypha)....