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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

139 terms and definitions for "L"

  • Labor

    A — 1: κόπος (Strong's #2873 — Noun Masculine — kopos — kop'-os ) primarily denotes "a striking, beating" (akin to kopto, "to strike, cut"); t...

  • Laborer, Fellow Laborer

    1: ἐργάτης (Strong's #2040 — Noun Masculine — ergates — er-gat'-ace ) akin to ergazomai, "to work," and ergon, "work," denotes (a) "a fi...

  • Lack, Lacking

    A — 1: ὑστέρημα (Strong's #5303 — Noun Neuter — husterema — hoos-ter'-ay-mah ) denotes (a) "that which is lacking," "deficienc...

  • Lad

    * For LAD, in John 6:9 , see CHILD , A, No. 6 ...

  • Lade, Laden

    1: σωρεύω (Strong's #4987 — Verb — soreuo — sore-yoo'-o ) signifies (a) "to heap on" (from soros, "a heap," not in the NT; in the Sept., e.g.,...

  • Lading

    1: φορτίον (Strong's #5413 — Noun Neuter — phortion — for-tee'-on ) "a burden, load" (a diminutive of phortos, "a load," from phero, "to ...

  • Lady

    1: κυρία (Strong's #2959 — Noun Feminine — kuria — koo-ree'-ah ) is the person addressed in 2 John 1:1,5 . Not improbably it is a proper name (Eng...

  • Laid

    * For LAID see LAY ...

  • Lake

    1: λίμνη (Strong's #3041 — Noun Feminine — limne — lim'-nay ) "a lake," is used (a) in the Gospels, only by Luke, of the Sea of Galilee, Luke 5:2;...

  • Lama

    1: λαμά (Strong's #2982 — pronoun — lama — lam-ah', lam-mah' ) is the Hebrew word for "Why?" (the variant lema is the Aramaic form), Matthew 27...

  • Lamb

    1: ἀρήν (Strong's #704 — Noun Masculine — aren — ar-ane' ) a noun the nominative case of which is found only in early times, occurs in Luke 10:3 . In ...

  • Lame

    * For LAME see HALT ...

  • Lament

    * For LAMENT and LAMENTATION see, BEWAIL ...

  • Lamp

    1: λαμπάς (Strong's #2985 — Noun Feminine — lampas — lam-pas' ) denotes "a torch" (akin to lampo, "to shine"), frequently fed, like, a "lamp,"...

  • Lampstand

    1: λυχνία (Strong's #3087 — Noun Feminine — luchnia — lookh-nee'-ah ) is mistranslated "candlestick" in every occurrence in the AV and in cert...

  • Land

    A — 1: γῆ (Strong's #1093 — Noun Feminine — ge — ghay ) in one of its usages, denotes (a) "land" as distinct from sea or other water, e.g., Mark 4:1; 6:47; ...

  • Lane

    1: ῥύμη (Strong's #4505 — Noun Feminine — rhume — hroo'-may ) in earlier Greek meant "the force or rush or swing of a moving body;" in later times, "a ...

  • Language

    1: διάλεκτος (Strong's #1258 — Noun Feminine — dialektos — dee-al'-ek-tos ) primarily "a conversation, discourse" (akin to dial...

  • Lantern

    1: φανός (Strong's #5322 — Noun Masculine — phanos — fan-os' ) denotes either "a torch" or "a lantern" (from phaino, "to cause to shine, to give li...

  • Large

    1: μέγας (Strong's #3173 — Adjective — megas — meg'-as ) "great, large, of physical magnitude," is translated "large" in Mark 14:15; Luke 22:12 ,...

  • Lascivious, Lasciviousness

    1: ἀσέλγεια (Strong's #766 — Noun Feminine — aselgeia — as-elg'-i-a ) denotes "excess, licentiousness, absence of restraint, indece...

  • Last

    A — 1: ἔσχατος (Strong's #2078 — Adjective — eschatos — es'-khat-os ) "last, utmost, extreme," is used (a) of place, e.g., Luke 14:...

  • Latchet

    1: ἱμάς (Strong's #2438 — Noun Masculine — himas — hee-mas' ) denotes "a thong, strap," whether for binding prisoners, Acts 22:25 , "(the) thongs" (fo...

  • Late

    1: ὀψέ (Strong's #3796 — verb — opse — op-seh' ) an adverb of time, besides its meaning "at evening" or "at eventide," denotes "late in, or on," Matthew 28...

  • Lately

    1: προσφάτως (Strong's #4373 — Adverb — prosphatos — pros-fat'-oce ) denotes "recently, lately," from the adjective prosphatos,...

  • Later

    1: ὕστερος (Strong's #5306 — Adjective — husteros — hoos'-ter-os ) denotes "later" or "latter" and is used in 1 Timothy 4:1 , RV, "in la...

  • Latin

    1: Ῥωμαϊστί (Strong's #4515 — Adverb — rhomaisti — hro-mah-is-tee' ) an adverb, "in Latin," occurs in John 19:20 , lit., "in Roman...

  • Latter

    1: ὄψιμος (Strong's #3797 — Adjective — opsimos — op'-sim-os ) akin to opse and opsios (see LATE), denotes "late," or "latter," and is used of...

  • Laud

    * For LAUD (Romans 15:11 , AV) see PRAISE , B, No. 1 ...

  • Laugh, Laugh to Scorn

    1: γελάω (Strong's #1070 — Verb — gelao — ghel-ah'-o ) "to laugh," is found in Luke 6:21,25 . This signifies loud laughter in contrast to demonstr...

  • Laughter

    1: γέλως (Strong's #1071 — Noun Masculine — gelos — ghel'-oce ) denotes "laughter," James 4:9 . This corresponds to the kind of "laughter" mention...

  • Launch

    1: ἀνάγω (Strong's #321 — Verb — anago — an-ag'-o ) "to bring up" (ana, "up," ago, "to lead"), is used in the Middle Voice as a nautical term sign...

  • Law

    A — 1: νόμος (Strong's #3551 — Noun Masculine — nomos — nom'-os ) akin to nemo, "to divide out, distribute," primarily meant "that which is as...

  • Lawful, Lawfully

    A — 1: ἔξεστι (Strong's #1832 — Verb — exesti — ex'-es-tee ) an impersonal verb, signifying "it is permitted, it is lawful" (or in...

  • Lawgiver

    1: νομοθέτης (Strong's #3550 — Noun Masculine — nomothetes — nom-oth-et'-ace ) "a lawgiver" (see LAW , A, No. 2, and B. No. 1),...

  • Lawless, Lawlessness

    A — 1: ἄνομος (Strong's #459 — Adjective — anomos — an'-om-os ) "without law," also denotes "lawless," and is so rendered in the RV of A...

  • Lawyer

    1: νομικός (Strong's #3544 — Adjective — nomikos — nom-ik-os' ) an adjective, "learned in the law" (see Titus 3:9 , under LAW, C, No. 1)...

  • Lay

    1: τίθημι (Strong's #5087 — Verb — tithemi — tith'-ay-mee ) "to put, place, set," frequently signifies "to lay," and is used of (a) "laying" a...

  • Lay Wait

    * For LAY WAIT see LIE IN WAIT ...

  • Lay Waste

    1: λυμαίνω (Strong's #3075 — Verb — lumainomai — loo-mah'ee-nom-ahee ) "to maltreat, to outrage" (from lume, "a brutal outrage"), is tran...

  • Laying

    ...

  • Laying on

    1: ἐπίθεσις (Strong's #1936 — Noun Feminine — epithesis — ep-ith'-es-is ) "a laying on" (epi, "on," tithemi, "to put"), is used in ...

  • Lead, Led

    1: ἄγω (Strong's #71 — Verb — ago — ag'-o ) "to bear, bring, carry, lead," is translated by the verb "to lead," e.g., in Mark 13:11; Luke 4:1; 4:9 , RV; L...

  • Leaders

    ...

  • Leaf

    1: φύλλον (Strong's #5444 — Noun Neuter — phullon — fool'-lon ) "a leaf" (originally phulion, Lat., folium; Eng., "folio," "foliaceous," "foli...

  • Lean

    1: ἀνάκειμαι (Strong's #345 — Verb — anakeimai — an-ak-i'-mahee ) "to be laid up, to lie," is used of reclining at table, and ...

  • Leap

    1: ἅλλομαι (Strong's #242 — Verb — hallomai — hal'-lom-ahee ) "to leap" (akin to halma, "a leap"), is used (a) metaphorically, of the "sp...

  • Learining

    1: γράμμα (Strong's #1121 — Noun Neuter — gramma — gram'-mah ) "a letter," is used in the plural in Acts 26:24 , with the meaning "learning:"...

  • Learn, Learned

    1: μανθάνω (Strong's #3129 — Verb — manthano — man-than'-o ) denotes (a) "to learn" (akin to mathetes, "a disciple"), "to increase one's ...

  • Least

    1: ἐλάχιστος (Strong's #1646 — — elachistos — el-akh'-is-tos ) "least," is a superlative degree formed from the word elachus,...

  • Leathern

    1: δερμάτινος (Strong's #1193 — Adjective — dermatinos — der-mat'-ee-nos ) denotes "of skin leather" (from derma, "skin, h...

  • Leave, Left

    * (a) In the sense of leaving, abandoning, forsaking. 1: ἀφίημι (Strong's #863 — Verb — aphiemi — af-ee'-ay-mee ) apo, "from," and hiemi, ...

  • Leaven

    A — 1: ζύμη (Strong's #2219 — Noun Feminine — zume — dzoo'-may ) "leaven, sour dough, in a high state of fermentation," was used in general in maki...

  • Led

    * For LED see LEAD ...

  • Lee

    * Note: This forms part of the RV rendering of two verbs, (1) hupopleo, "to sail under" (i.e., under the lee of), from hupo, "under," pleo, "to sail," Acts 27:4,7 (AV, "sailed under"); (2) hupotrecho...

  • Left

    1: ἀριστερός (Strong's #710 — Adjective — aristeros — ar-is-ter-os' ) is used (a) of the "left" hand, in Matthew 6:3 , the wo...

  • Leg

    1: σκέλος (Strong's #4628 — Noun Neuter — skelos — skel'-os ) "the leg from the hip downwards," is used only of the breaking of the "legs" of ...

  • Legion

    1: λεγιών (Strong's #3003 — Noun Feminine — legion — leg-eh-ohn' ) otherwise spelled legeon, "a legion," occurs in Matthew 26:53 , of angels;...

  • Leisure

    1: εὐκαιρέω (Strong's #2119 — Verb — eukaireo — yoo-kahee-reh'-o ) "to have leisure or opportunity" (eu, "well," kairos, "a time or...

  • Lend, Lender

    A — 1: δανείζω (Strong's #1155 — Verb — daneizo — dan-ide'-zo ) is translated "to lend" in Luke 6:34,35 : see BORROW. A — 2...

  • Length

    1: μῆκος (Strong's #3372 — Noun Neuter — mekos — may'-kos ) "length," from the same root as makros, "long" (see FAR , LONG), occurs in Ephesians 3...

  • Leopard

    1: πάρδαλις (Strong's #3917 — Noun Feminine — pardalis — par'-dal-is ) denotes "a leopard or a panther," an animal characterized by ...

  • Leper

    1: λεπρός (Strong's #3015 — Adjective — lepros — lep-ros' ) an adjective, primarily used of "psoriasis," characterized by an eruption of rough...

  • Leprosy

    1: λέπρα (Strong's #3014 — Noun Feminine — lepra — lep'-rah ) akin to lepros (above), is mentioned in Matthew 8:3; Mark 1:42; Luke 5:12,13 . In ...

  • Less

    1: ἐλάσσων (Strong's #1640 — Verb — elasson — el-as'-sone, el-at'-tone ) serves as a comparative degree of mikros, "little" (see LEAST)...

  • Lest

    1: μή (Strong's #3361 — particle — me — may ) a negative particle, often used as a conjunction, is frequently translated "lest," e.g., Mark 13:36 (in ver. 5, RV,...

  • Let

    * For LET (AV in Romans 1:13 and 2 Thessalonians 2:7 ) see HINDER and RESTAIN ...

  • Let Down

    1: καθίημι (Strong's #2524 — Verb — kathiemi — kath-ee'-ay-mee ) "to send," or "let down" (kata, "down," hiemi, "to send"), is translated...

  • Let Out

    1: ἐκδίδωμι (Strong's #1554 — Verb — ekdidomi — ek-did'-o-mee ) primarily, "to give out, give up, surrender" (ek, "out, from," dido...

  • Letter

    1: γράμμα (Strong's #1121 — Noun Neuter — amma — gram'-mah ) primarily denotes "that which is traced or drawn, a picture;" then, "that which i...

  • Level

    * For LEVEL see PLACE , Note (4) ...

  • Lewd

    * For LEWD and LEWDNESS see VILE and VILLANY ...

  • Liar

    A — 1: ψεύστης (Strong's #5583 — Noun Masculine — pseustes — psyoos-tace' ) "a liar," occurs in John 8:44,55; Romans 3:4; 1 Timot...

  • Liberal, Liberality, Liberally

    A — 1: ἁπλότης (Strong's #572 — Noun Feminine — haplotes — hap-lot'-ace ) denotes (a) "simplicity, sincerity, unaffectedness" (from...

  • Liberty

    A — 1: ἄνεσις (Strong's #425 — Noun Feminine — anesis — an'-es-is ) "a loosening, relaxation," is translated "liberty" in Acts 24:23 , A...

  • Licence

    * For LICENCE (in Acts 21:40; 25:16 , AV) see LEAVE (b) and OPPORTUNITY, A, No. 3 ...

  • Lick

    1: ἐπιλείπω (Strong's #1952 — Verb — epileicho — ep-ee-li'-po ) "to lick over" (epi, "over," leicho, "to lick"), is said of the dog...

  • Lie

    A — 1: ψεῦδος (Strong's #5579 — Noun Neuter — pseudos — psyoo'-dos ) "a falsehood, lie" (see also under LIAR), is translated "lie" in Jo...

  • Lie in Wait

    A — 1: ἐνεδρεύω (Strong's #1748 — Verb — enedreuo — en-ed-ryoo'-o ) "to lie in wait for, to lay wait for" (from en, "in," and ...

  • Life, Living, Lifetime, Life-Giving

    A — 1: ζωή (Strong's #2222 — Noun Feminine — zoe — dzo-ay' ) (Eng., "zoo," "zoology") is used in the NT "of life as a principle, life in the absolute se...

  • Lift

    1: ἐγείρω (Strong's #1453 — Verb — egeiro — eg-i'-ro ) "to awaken, raise up," is used in Matthew 12:11 , of "lifting" a sheep out of a pit. ...

  • Light

    * Notes: (1) In Matthew 3:16 , AV, erchomai, "to come," is translated "lighting;" RV, "coming." (2) In Revelation 7:16 , AV, pipto, "to fall," is translated "shall ... light" (RV, "shall ... strike"...

  • Light of, Lightly

    1: ἀμελέω (Strong's #272 — Verb — ameleo — am-el-eh'-o ) denotes "to be careless, not to care" (a, negative, and melei, an impersonal verb, s...

  • Light, Lighten

    A — 1: ἐλαφρός (Strong's #1645 — Adjective — elaphros — el-af-ros' ) "light in weight, easy to bear," is used of the burden imparte...

  • Light, Noun, and Verb, Lighten

    A — 1: φῶς (Strong's #5457 — Noun Neuter — phos — foce ) akin to phao, "to give light" (from roots pha---, and phan---, expressing "light as seen by the...

  • Lightning

    1: ἀστραπή (Strong's #796 — Noun Feminine — astrape — as-trap-ay' ) denotes (a) "lightning" (akin to LIGHT, B, No. 7), Matthew 24:27; 2...

  • Like

    * For (DID NOT) LIKE, Romans 1:28 , AV, see REFUSE; No. 3 ...

  • Like, Liken

    A — 1: ὅμοιος (Strong's #3664 — Adjective — homoios — hom'-oy-os ) "like, resembling, such as, the same as," is used (a) of appearance or...

  • Likeminded

    1: ἰσόψυχος (Strong's #2473 — Adjective — isopsuchos — ee-sop'-soo-khos ) lit., "of equal soul" (isos, "equal," psuche, "the soul")...

  • Likeness, Likeness of

    1: ὁμοίωμα (Strong's #3667 — Noun Neuter — homoioma — hom-oy'-o-mah ) denotes "that which is made like something, a resemblance," (a) in...

  • Likewise

    1: ὁμοίως (Strong's #3668 — Adverb — homoios — hom-oy'-oce ) "in like manner" (from the adjective homoios, see LIKE , A, No. 1), is rendered ...

  • Lily

    1: κρίνον (Strong's #2918 — Noun Neuter — krinon — kree'-non ) occurs in Matthew 6:28; Luke 12:27; in the former the Lord speaks of "the lil...

  • Limit

    * For LIMIT, in Hebrews 4:7 , AV, see DEFINE ...

  • Line

    * For LINE see PROVINCE , No. 2 ...

  • Lineage

    * For LINEAGE in Luke 2:4 , AV, see FAMILY ...

  • Linen, Linen Cloth, Fine Linen

    1: σινδών (Strong's #4616 — Noun Feminine — sindon — sin-done' ) was "a fine linen cloth, an article of domestic manufacture" (Proverbs 31:24...

  • Linger

    1: ἀργέω (Strong's #691 — Verb — argeo — arg-eh'-o ) "to be idle, to linger" (akin to argos, "idle:" see katargeo, under ABOLISH), is used negativ...

  • Lion

    1: λέων (Strong's #3023 — Noun Masculine — leon — leh-ohn' ) occurs in 2 Timothy 4:17 , probably figurative of the imminent peril of death, the figure ...

  • Lip

    1: χεῖλος (Strong's #5491 — Noun Neuter — cheilos — khi'-los ) is used (a) of the organ of speech, Matthew 15:8; Mark 7:6 , where "honoring ...

  • List

    1: θέλω (Strong's #2309 — Verb — thelo — ) "to will, wish," is translated by the verb "to list" in Matthew 17:12; Mark 9:13; John 3:8 . See DESIRE ,...

  • Little

    A — 1: μικρός (Strong's #3398 — Adjective — mikros — mik-ros', mik-rot'-er-os ) "little, small" (the opposite of megas, "great"), is use...

  • Live

    1: ζάω (Strong's #2198 — Verb — zao — dzah'-o ) "to live, be alive," is used in the NT of "(a) God, Matthew 16:16; John 6:57; Romans 14:11; (b) the Son in...

  • Live Long

    1: μακροχρόνιος (Strong's #3118 — Adjective — makrochronios — mak-rokh-ron'-ee-os ) an adjective denoting "of lo...

  • Lively

    * Note: This is the AV translation of the present participle of the verb; zao, "to live," in three passages, in each of which the RV has "living," Acts 7:38; 1 Peter 1:3; 2:5 . ...

  • Living

    * For LIVING see BEHAVIOR , B, No. 1, LIFE, Nos. 2,6, and LIVE, No. 3, Note ...

  • Living Creatures

    * For LIVING CREATURES see BEAST ...

  • Lo!

    1: ἴδε (Strong's #2396 — particle — ide — id'-eh ) an aorist or point tense, marking a definite point of time, of the imperative mood of eidon, "to see" (tak...

  • Loaf

    * For LOAF see BREAD ...

  • Locust

    1: ἀκρίς (Strong's #200 — Noun Feminine — akris — ak-rece' ) occurs in Matthew 3:4; Mark 1:6 , of the animals themselves, as forming part of the...

  • Lodge, Lodging

    A — 1: αὐλίζομαι (Strong's #835 — Verb — aulizomai — ow-lid'-zom-ahee ) properly, "to lodge in a courtyard" (aule, See CO...

  • Loft

    * For LOFT, Acts 20:9 , see STORY ...

  • Loins

    1: ὀσφύς (Strong's #3751 — Noun Feminine — osphus — os-foos' ) is used (a) in the natural sense in Matthew 3:4; Mark 1:6; (b) as "the seat of ge...

  • Long

    A — 1: μακρός (Strong's #3117 — Adjective — makros — mak-ros' ) is used of "long prayers" (Matthew 23:14 , in some mss.), Mark 12:40; ...

  • Long, Long, Longing

    A — 1: ἐπιποθέω (Strong's #1971 — Verb — epipotheo — ep-ee-poth-eh'-o ) "to long for greatly" (a strengthened form of potheo, ...

  • Longer

    A — 1: ἔτι (Strong's #2089 — Adverb — eti — et'-ee ) "yet, as yet, still," is translated "longer" in Luke 16:2 (with separate negative); "any longer" i...

  • Longsuffering

    A — 1: μακροθυμία (Strong's #3115 — Noun Feminine — makrothumia — mak-roth-oo-mee'-ah ) "forbearance, patience, longs...

  • Look

    A — 1: βλέπω (Strong's #991 — Verb — blepo — blep'-o ) primarily, "to have sight, to see," then, "observe, discern, perceive," frequently impl...

  • Look, Looking

    A — 1: προσδοκάω (Strong's #4328 — Verb — prosdokao — pros-dok-ah'-o ) "to await, expect" (pros, "to" or "towards," dokeo,...

  • Loose

    A — 1: λύω (Strong's #3089 — Verb — luo — loo'-o ) denotes (a) "to loose, unbind, release," (1) of things, e.g., in Acts 7:33 , RV, "loose (the shoes),...

  • Lord, Lordship

    A — 1: κύριος (Strong's #2962 — Noun Masculine — kurios — koo'-ree-os ) properly an adjective, signifying "having power" (kuros) or "auth...

  • Lose, Loss, Lost

    1: ἀπόλλυμι (Strong's #622 — Verb — apollumi — ap-ol'-loo-mee ) signifies (I) In the Active Voice, (a) "to destroy, destroy utterly...

  • Loss

    1: ζημία (Strong's #2209 — Noun Feminine — zemia — dzay-mee'-ah ) akin to No. 2, above, is used in Acts 27:10 , RV, "loss" (AV, "damage"); Acts 2...

  • Lot, Lots

    A — 1: κλῆρος (Strong's #2819 — Noun Masculine — kleros — klay'-ros ) denotes (a) an object used in casting or drawing lots, which consis...

  • Loud

    1: μέγας (Strong's #3173 — Adjective — megas — meg'-as ) "great," is used, besides other meanings, of intensity, as, e.g., of the force of a voice,...

  • Love

    A — 1: ἀγαπάω (Strong's #25 — Verb — agapao — ag-ap-ah'-o ) and the corresponding noun agape (B, No. 1 below) present "the characteristi...

  • Love Feasts

    1: ἀγάπη (Strong's #26 — Noun Feminine — agape — ag-ah'-pay ) is used in the plural in Jude 1:12 , and in some mss. in 2 Peter 2:13; RV marg., "...

  • Lovely

    1: προσφιλής (Strong's #4375 — Adjective — prosphiles — pros-fee-lace' ) "pleasing, agreeable, lovely" (pros, "toward," phileo,...

  • Lover

    * This is combined with other words, forming compound adjectives as follows: 1: φιλόθεος (Strong's #5377 — Adjective — philotheos — ...

  • Low, Low

    A — 1: ταπεινόω (Strong's #5013 — Verb — tapeinoo — tap-i-no'-o ) "to bring low, to humble," is translated "shall be brought lo...

  • Lower

    * see LET DOWN , No. 2 (d) ...

  • Lower, Lowest

    A — 1: κατώτερος (Strong's #2737 — Adjective — katoteros — kat-o'-ter-os ) the comparative degree of kato, "beneath," is u...

  • Lowliness, Lowly

    A — 1: ταπεινοφροσύνη (Strong's #5012 — Noun Feminine — tapeinophrosune — tap-i-nof-ros-oo'-nay ) ...

  • Lowring

    1: στυγνάζω (Strong's #4768 — Verb — stugnazo — stoog-nad'-zo ) "to have a gloomy, somber appearance" (akin to stugnos, "somber, glo...

  • Lucre

    A — 1: κέρδος (Strong's #2771 — Noun Neuter — kerdos — ker'-dos ) "gain" (cp. kerdaino, "to gain, get gain"), is translated "gain" in Ph...

  • Lukewarm

    1: χλιαρός (Strong's #5513 — Adjective — chliaros — khlee-ar-os' ) "tepid, warm" (akin to chlio, "to become warm," not found in the NT or...

  • Lump

    1: φύραμα (Strong's #5445 — Noun Neuter — phurama — foo'-ram-ah ) denotes "that which is mixed or kneaded" (phurao, "to mix"); hence, "a lump,...

  • Lunatic

    * For LUNATIC see EPILEPTIC ...

  • Lust

    A — 1: ἐπιθυμία (Strong's #1939 — Noun Feminine — epithumia — ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah ) denotes "strong desire" of any kind, the va...

  • Lying

    * For LYING (falsehood) see LIE ...