"to ask," is to be distinguished from No. 2. Aiteo more frequently suggests the attitude of a suppliant, the petition of one who is lesser in position than he to whom the petition is made; e.g., in the case of men in asking something from God, Matthew 7:7; a child from a parent, Matthew 7:9,10; a subject from a king, Acts 12:20; priests and people from Pilate, Luke 23:23 (RV, "asking" for AV, "requiring"); a beggar from a passer by, Acts 3:2 . With reference to petitioning God, this verb is found in Paul's epistles in Ephesians 3:20; Colossians 1:9; in James four times, James 1:5,6; 4:2,3; in 1John, five times, 1 John 3:22; 5:14,15 (twice) ,16. See BEG , CALL FOR, CRAVE , DESIRE , REQUIRE.
more frequently suggests that the petitioner is on a footing of equality or familiarity with the person whom he requests. It is used of a king in making request from another king, Luke 14:32; of the Pharisee who "desired" Christ that He would eat with him, an indication of the inferior conception he had of Christ, Luke 7:36; cp. Luke 11:37; John 9:15; 18:19 .
a strengthened form of No. 2 (epi, "in addition"), is frequently used in the synoptic Gospels, but only twice in the Gospel of John, 18:7,21. In Romans 10:20 it is rendered "asked of" (AV, "asked after"). The more intensive character of the "asking" may be observed in Luke 2:46; 3:14; 6:9; 17:20; 20:21,27,40; 22:64; 23:3,6,9 . In Matthew 16:1 , it virtually signifies to demand (its meaning in later Greek). See DEMAND , DESIRE , QUESTION.
to ask by way of enquiry, not by way of making a request for something, is found in the Gospels and the Acts, five times in the former, seven in the latter; in Matthew 2:4 , AV, "demanded," RV, "enquired," so Acts 21:33 . See DEMAND , INQUIRE , UNDERSTAND.
"to search out" (ek, "out," intensive, etazo, "to examine"), is translated "ask," in John 21:12 , AV (RV, "inquire"); in Matthew 2:8 , AV, "search;" RV, "search out," expressing the intensive force of the verb, so Matthew 10:11 (AV, "inquire"). See INQUIRE , SEARCH.
"to say," occasionally signifies "to ask," as of an inquiry, the reason being that lego is used for every variety of speaking, e.g., Acts 25:20 , "I asked whether he would come to Jerusalem." See BID , BOAST , CALL , DESCRIBE , GIVE , NAME , PUT , Note (2), SAY , SPEAK , TELL , UTTER.
"to judge," sometimes has the meaning to ask a question; e.g., 1 Corinthians 10:25,27 . See DISCERN , EXAMINE , JUDGE , SEARCH.
akin to No. 1, lit., "that which has been asked for," is used in Luke 23:24 , RV, "what they asked for" (AV, "required"); Philippians 4:6 , "requests;" 1 John 5:15 , "petitions." See PETITION , REQUEST , REQUIRE.